How to Install WordPress on Google Cloud
Table of Contents
How to Install WordPress on Google Cloud Are you looking to set up your own WordPress website on Google Cloud? With the power and scalability of Google Cloud Platform (GCP), you can easily host your WordPress site on a virtual machine (VM) while leveraging the robust infrastructure provided by Google. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of installing WordPress on Google Cloud, ensuring that your website runs smoothly and securely. Let’s get started!
Step 1: Set up a Google Cloud project
To begin, create a Google Cloud project by signing in to the Google Cloud Console (console.cloud.google.com) and creating a new project. This project will serve as the foundation for hosting your WordPress site on Google Cloud.
Step 2: Create a virtual machine (VM)
In the Google Cloud Console, navigate to the Compute Engine section and create a new VM instance. Choose the desired configuration for your VM, including the machine type, region, and operating system. Make sure to select an operating system that supports the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP) required by WordPress.
Step 3: Configure firewall rules
To allow incoming HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS (port 443) traffic to your VM instance, configure the necessary firewall rules. Access the VPC Network > Firewall rules section in the Cloud Console and set up the appropriate rules to ensure that your WordPress site can be accessed over the web.
Step 4: Connect to your VM
Once your VM is created, you can connect to it using SSH. You have two options: either use the built-in SSH console provided by the Google Cloud Console or utilize an external SSH client like PuTTY. Connect to your VM using the preferred method.
Step 5: Install LAMP stack
WordPress requires a web server, PHP, and a database. Install the LAMP stack on your VM by running the following commands on Ubuntu-based systems:
sudo apt update sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server php php-mysql
Follow the prompts to set up MySQL/MariaDB, including setting the root password.
Step 6: Create a MySQL database
Log in to your MySQL/MariaDB server by executing the command:
sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter the root password when prompted. Then, create a new database for WordPress with the following commands:
CREATE DATABASE wordpress; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpress_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
'password' with your desired username and password for the WordPress database.
Step 7: Download and configure WordPress
Download the latest version of WordPress from the official website or use the
wget command to download it directly on your VM:
wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz sudo mv wordpress /var/www/html/ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/wordpress
This downloads WordPress, extracts the files, and moves the WordPress directory to
/var/www/html/. It also sets the necessary permissions.
Step 8: Configure Apache
Next, you need to configure Apache to point to your WordPress installation. Open the Apache configuration file by executing the command:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf
<VirtualHost> block, add the following lines:
<Directory /var/www/html/wordpress/> AllowOverride All </Directory>
Save the file and exit the editor.
Restart Apache to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 9: Complete WordPress installation
Now it’s time to complete the WordPress installation process. Open a web browser and enter your VM’s IP address in the address bar. You should see the WordPress installation page.
Follow the prompts to set up your WordPress site, providing the database name, username, and password that you created earlier. This will connect WordPress to the MySQL database and complete the installation.
That’s it! Congratulations on successfully installing WordPress on Google Cloud using a virtual machine. You can now access your WordPress site by entering your VM’s IP address in a web browser.
Note: It’s essential to prioritize the security of your WordPress installation. Consider configuring SSL/TLS for secure HTTPS connections, implementing regular backups, and following security best practices to protect your site and its data.
By following this comprehensive tutorial, you’ve learned how to set up a WordPress site on Google Cloud, taking advantage of the scalable infrastructure offered by Google Cloud Platform. Enjoy building and managing your website with the power and flexibility provided by WordPress and Google Cloud!